The idea of using miniature samples of color instead of large splotches has been around for a while. In the Second World War, German troops used various designs like the current German Flecktarn. This uses small dabs of color on the uniform to supply camouflage.
The USMC design team responsible for this idea developed over 150 different camo designs before choosing three samples that met their initial objectives to protect the troops. They were two different versions of Tiger stripes as well as an older style of British DPM that used colors from Rhodesia. The influence from the Tiger stripes can nonetheless be observed in the ultimate MARPAT designs. These three samples were then reconstructed using new shapes and different color blends that will allow far more effective uniform designs inside a great selection of conditions.
The brand new designs were examined in various conditions such as day and evening, with evening vision as well. MARPAT did extremely well within their wet uniform test when seen with evening vision while illuminated with IR, whereas normal designs appear like a solid color. The MARPAT was favored by U.S. Military research into fractal pattern camouflage. The MARPAT pattern was selected against a run-off between seven other designs in the USMC Scout Sniper Instructor School.
Area testing for Marpat Camo started in 2001 and the uniform first showed in 2002. MARPAT designs are created by highly complex fractal equations that create a non-repeating pattern. The objectives of the scanned pattern would be to match the visual texture of typical visual skills. When in comparison to some whitened background the MARPAT does look quite surprising and would appear to trap attention, however when utilized in an operative environment, its textured appearance ahs insufficient hard edges allow it to be more efficient than traditional designs of camouflage patterns.
There have been initially three MARPAT pattern designs: Woodland, Desert, and Urban. Presently though, just the Woodland and Desert designs are utilized through the Marine Corps, replacing the previous U.S. Woodland pattern camouflage and also the U.S. Three Color Desert patterns. The Urban pattern wasn't approved to be used by the military. A snow MARPAT pattern has additionally been deigned to use with cold temperature training over-clothes. Authentic MARPAT material is distinguishable by an eagle, Globe, and Anchor emblem which can be seen to be integrated into the pattern in both the Woodland and Desert MARPAT textile designs.